Abstract: There is a crisis in higher education internationally whereby the value of a degree is being called into question. One of the contributing factors to this problem is the growth of the sector internationally. Questions have arisen concerning the quality of provision, especially in the case of courses offered in different contexts as part of transnational partnerships. This research explores the perceptions of staff involved with the delivery of a unique transnational higher education partnership between a Russell Group university in the UK and a new university in Kazakhstan. The research sought to understand whether student development was perceived to be in line with the graduate attributes of the intuitions involved. The research was qualitative, using in depth semi structured interviews with members of faculty involved with the delivery of the foundation course, including administration staff, teachers and managers. Responses from participants indicated that the development of characteristics broadly aligned to those stated in graduate attributes did occur.
Abstract: Teacher motivation is an integral part of the success of the teaching and learning processes. The purpose of this study was to establish the factors underlying teacher recruitment, motivation and retention within a rural context. A case study design was employed as a methodology for the study. The collected data was analysed by establishing themes and emerging categories. The study established that teachers at rural schools were motivated by crucial work-related factors which were both intrinsic and extrinsic in nature. Employment opportunities, family background, leadership, rural environment and support services were some of the major factors motivating teacher to be recruited and retained with rural school teaching. The study recommended that school leaders should acquire a holistic understanding of the diverse factors motivating teachers, so that they can nurture these factors and motivate teachers appropriately. This will ensure that rural schools remains with motivated teaching personnel for improved performance.
Abstract: Successful SMEs in KwaZulu-Natal do not all follow formal or ‘classical’ strategic planning methodologies taught by most business schools. While many SMEs collapse within the first year of operation, others become successful in their endeavours to firstly make a living for themselves and secondly to employ others in order to improve and uplift the economy of South Africa. In this qualitative study, four business models were selected which are taught at most business schools. All SMEs engaged in this study acknowledged the value of using business models to support strategic planning. The medium size enterprises did prepare formal strategic plans and monitored all their activities on a regular basis. Small size SMEs use a mixture of business ‘creativity’ to accommodate uncertain economic conditions and make quick decisions and have been able to succeed even during poor economic times. A new concept called ‘extremely flexibile’ strategic planning was introduced to enable small size SMEs to consider an alternate method of making strategic plans in a less-structured manner.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of senior management training on transfer of learning among public officers trained by Kenya school of Government by establishing whether training interventions yield corresponding increase in the level of trainees’ knowledge, skills and attitude. F-test was used to find out whether there was any variance within the pretest and posttest samples, paired sample t- test and analysis of variance was used to statistically determine significant difference between posttest and pretest mean scores of 197 trainees who attended senior management course offered at Kenya School of Government in Kenya sampled through single stage cluster sampling technique. The study concluded that mean scores of the posttest trainee’s knowledge level and application/use were different from the mean scores of the trainee pretest scores suggesting a change in the trainees’ level of knowledge and applicability of the training to trainees’ work following the training intervention. Furthermore, the scores showed a positive change from the pretest to posttest. Nonetheless, it was noted that trainee’s perception of how important it is to learn a specific set of skills (attitude) does not change even after training intervention is administered. The study provides training effectiveness roadmap for Kenya school of Government to address assessment gap noted and provides an empirical rationale for Governments and corporate organizations to commit and make major investments on training of their employees as a useful way of staff capacity building towards enhanced employee performance.
The purpose of this study was to explore how academic leaders of Nepali universities are experiencing entrepreneurship, changing contexts of higher education, and entrepreneurial activities to cope up with those changing contexts in order to lead universities. This inquiry is based on interpretive paradigm, which includes a multi-method approach. Five universities of Nepal were the researcher’s living territories, where he interacted with nine participants in order to generate their narrative stories and experiences. The researcher explored and derived meanings from their stories and experiences, and in doing so, the researcher went through the process of coding, synthesizing, developing themes, analyzing, and interpreting meanings merging signature literature and theories of leadership and entrepreneurship. Through this enquiry, the researcher learned that entrepreneurship has multilayered meanings rooted in academic culture and society which could be understood being a part of the process. The researcher also learned that entrepreneurship is a process of dreaming and tracking a big picture, advocacy of change, elaboration of cognition, crossing the point of no return, a journey of togetherness, and tactful management of conflicts. The researcher also learned that changes in higher education in Nepal could be grouped under demand and supply market change. Within demand market, access, policy and awareness of parents and students are observed to have changed whereas within supply market, institutional providers, technology, pedagogy, curriculum and evaluation are found to have changed in higher education in Nepal. Apart from these, the researcher also learned that academic leaders of Nepali higher education have performed entrepreneurial activities like value added new programs, research and technological activities, fundraising activities, plan giving activities, retail sales and services, and real estate activities creating different values in order to cope up with those changing contexts in higher education. When the researcher examined the experiences and stories of the participants from leadership standpoint, he concludes that a vignette of entrepreneurship, changing context in higher education, and performance of entrepreneurial activities, have a nexus of dynamism in higher education.