Abstract

Levels of Ethnocentricism Among Teachers of Turkish as a Foreign Language

Mehmet Emre ÇELİK & Latif İLTAR

Download: FULL TEXT PDF
Download: 26, size: 0, date: 15.Jun.2021

Abstract: In this study, in which the levels of ethnocentrism of those who teach Turkish as a foreign language were examined in line with various variables, the general survey model within the scope of descriptive research was implemented. The research was carried out with 185 instructors who teach Turkish as a foreign language in various state or private institutions in the 2020-2021 academic year. In order to assess the ethnocentrism level of teachers, a 5-item Likert-type Ethnocentrism Scale, comprised of 20 questions, developed by Neuliep and McCroskey (1997) and which was later adapted to Turkish by Üstün (2011) was used. In the study, it was found that the levels of ethnocentrism of those who teach Turkish as a foreign language differ significantly according to such variables as gender, age, their holding a Turkish teaching certificate for foreigners and to the MA program they graduated from, yet it was also concluded that there was no significant difference according to the other variables as the institution they work for, the department they studied in, whether they know a foreign language, where they teach Turkish, and their intercultural communication competence.

Keywords: Etnocentricism; Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language; Intercultural Communication Competence.

Please Cite: Celik, M.E., Iltar, L.(2021). Levels of Ethnocentricism Among Teachers of Turkish as a Foreign Language. The European Educational Researcher,4(2), 251-266.DOI: https://doi.org/10.31757/euer.427

References

Bennett, M. J. (1986). A developmental approach to training for intercultural sensitivity. International Journal of Intercultural Relations10(2), 179-196.

Bennett, M. J. (1998). Intercultural communication: A current perspective.  Milton J. Bennett (Ed.), In Basic concepts of intercultural communication: Selected readings (pp. 1-34). Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press

Bhawuk, D. P. S.,  Richard, B. (1992). The measurement of intercultural sensitivity using the concepts of individualism and collectivism. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 16. 413-436

Chen, G. M., & Starosta, W. J. (1997). A review of the concept of intercultural sensitivity. Human Communication, 1, 1-16.

Chen, G. M. (2010). The impact of intercultural sensitivity on ethnocentrism and intercultural communication apprehension. Intercultural Communication Studies, XIX(1), 1-9.

Douglas S., R. & Rosvold M. (2018). Intercultural communicative competence and english for academic purposes:a synthesis review of the scholarly literatüre. The Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics 21 (1), 23-42.

Eğinli, A., T. (2011). Kültürlerarası yeterliliğin kazanılmasında kültürel farklılık eğitimlerinin önemi [The importance of cultural diversity education in gaining intercultural competence]. Öneri Dergisi. 35. 215-227.

Goldstein, S. B. & Kim, R. I. (2006) Predictors of US college students’ participation instudy abroad programs: A longitudinal study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 30. 507–521

Hammer, M. R., Bennett, M. J., & Wiseman, R. (2003). Measuring intercultural sensitivity: the intercultural development inventory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 27. 421-443.

İçli, G. (2015). Sosyolojiye giriş [Introduction to sociology]. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.

Karasar, N. (2007). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi [Scientific research method]. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.

Neuliep, J. W. & McCroskey, J. C. (1997). The development of a U.S. and generalized ethnocentrism scale. Communication Research Reports. 14 (4), 385-398.

Neuliep, J. W., Chaudoir, M. & McCroskey J. C. (2001) A cross‐cultural comparison of ethnocentrism among Japanese and United States college students. Communication Research Reports, 18 (2), 137-146,

Özkan, H. (2018). English language instructors’ perceptions of intercultural communicativ competence in a multicultural context: a suggested model. Doktora Tezi [Doctoral thesis]. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü. Ankara.

Özyurt, C. (2020). Eğitim sosyolojisi yazıları [Educational sociology articles]. Ankara: PEGEM.

Saygılı, D. ve Kana, F. (2018). Yabancı dil olarak Türkçe öğreten öğretmenlerin kültürlerarası duyarlılığı [Intercultural sensitivity of teachers teaching Turkish as a foreign language]. Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi, 6(4), 1041-1063

Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (sixth ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Üstün, E. (2011). Öğretmen Adaylarının Kültürlerarası Duyarlılık ve Etnikmerkezcilik Düzeylerini Etkileyen Etmenler [The Factors Affecting the Intercultural Sensitivity and Ethniccentrism Levels of Teacher Candidates]. Yüksek Lisans Tezi [Master Thesis]. Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, İstanbul.

Yılmaz, G. ve Tepe, N. (2020). Yurt dışında görev yapan okutmanların kültürlerarası iletişim algılarının incelenmesi: Nitel bir araştırma [Examining the intercultural communication perceptions of lecturers working abroad: A qualitative study]. Uluslararası Türkçe Edebiyat Kültür Eğitim Dergisi, 9(4), 1616-1633.