The European Educational Researcher

Moral Sensitivity of Young People with Intellectual Disability – Its Role in The Process of Their Education

The European Educational Researcher, Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2022, pp. 37-57
OPEN ACCESS VIEWS: 767 DOWNLOADS: 530 Publication date: 15 Feb 2022
According to Heller and Życiński (1980) the primary regulator of human behaviour is the system of values therefore its development should be in the centre of all educational and upbringing measures. Our focus here is on moral sensitivity understood as the ability of an individual to see social situations from the perspective of moral good and moral evil that represent values embodied in moral norms adopted by the world and internalised by humans as the principles of conduct. The main research question was the following: How morally sensitive are persons with ID and how is their sensitivity associated with the degree of intellectual disability and gender? A non-probability sample 267 of Polish residents aged 16-30 years with mild (58.42%) or moderate (41.58%) intellectual disability was assembled. Men and women were almost in equal proportion. The Moral Sensitivity Inventory (MSI; Otrębski, Sudoł, 2020) has been used to measure the moral sensitivity of people with ID. It consists of 10 illustrated stories presenting typical social situations containing moral dilemmas, and an evaluation form. The tested person’s task is to answer the following question “Who, in this story, did something right or wrong, and what was that?” and to indicate as many moral elements in the story and the picture as they can. The results imply that the study participants had different ability to discern moral good and moral evil. They were more sensitive to the manifestations of good and evil bad associated with Understanding one’s behaviour and its impact on others (more than one-fourth of them had high scores) and less perceptive of those relating to Respect for others’ property and Conformance to principles and norms. The results of the study expand the knowledge of the overall moral sensitivity of persons with intellectual disabilities.
Intellectual Disability, Moral Sensitivity, Moral Sensitivity Measures, Process of Education.
Otrebski, W., & Czusz-Sudoł, A. (2022). Moral Sensitivity of Young People with Intellectual Disability – Its Role in The Process of Their Education. The European Educational Researcher, 5(1), 37-57.
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