Abstract

The Academic Dropout Wheel Analyzing the Antecedents of Higher Education Dropout in Education Studies

Hind Naaman

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Download: FULL TEXT PDF
Download: 43, size: 0, date: 15.Jun.2021

Abstract: Higher education dropout has been considered a major concern for several researchers in the field of education around the World. Although different studies were carried out to deal with the topic, they all faced common limitations. This paper explores the twofold research conducted to investigate higher education dropout in Education studies at two of the main Catalan public universities. First, a review of the different theoretical perspectives that tackled dropout was carried out to combine the direct and indirect dropout predictors. Second, some research was conductedin the faculties of Education in the selected two Catalan public universities to investigate the antecedents of higher education dropout. The utilized instrument discussed in this paper is the survey. In the first part, the predictors of higher education dropout were combined in a 5-layer model called the ̈Dimensions of Academic Dropout” wheel(Naaman, 2018). In the second part, the results of the survey analyzed quantitively revealed that dissatisfaction from the program and academic failure arethe most important antecedents of higher education dropout in education studies in Catalonia.

Keywords:  ¨Dimensions of Academic Dropout” wheel; dropout antecedents; Higher education dropout

Please Cite: Naaman, H. (2021). The Academic Dropout Wheel – Analyzing the Antecedents of Higher Education Dropout in Education Studies. The European Educational Researcher, (2), 133-153. https://doi.org/10.31757/euer.421

 

References

Allen, J., Robbins, S. B., Casillas, A., & Oh, I. S. (2008). Third-year college retention and transfer: Effects of academic performance, motivation, and social connectedness. Research in Higher Education, 49(7), 647-664. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-008-9098-3

Andres, L. (2016). Theories of the sociology of higher education access and participation. Routledge handbook of the sociology of higher education, 29-38. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315772233.ch3

Arendt, J. N. (2013). The effect of public financial aid on dropout from and completion of university education: evidence from a student grant reform. Empirical Economics, 44(3), 1545-1562. 10.1007/s00181-012-0638-5.

Ascend Learning, L. L. C. (2012). Student attrition: Consequences, contributing factors, and remedies. Assessment Technology Institute (ATI), 1-9.

Aulck, L., Velagapudi, N., Blumenstock, J., & West, J. (2016). Predicting student dropout in higher education. arXiv preprint arXiv:1606.06364.

Bean, J., & Eaton, S. B. (2001). The Psychology Underlying Successful Retention Practices. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice,3(1), 73-89. doi:10.2190/6r55-4b30-28xg-l8u0  

Behr, A., Giese, M., Teguim Kamdjou, H. D., & Theune, K. (2020). Dropping out of university: a literature review. Review of Education8(2), 614-652.

Berger, J. B. (2002). The Influence of the Organizational Structures of Colleges and Universities on College Student Learning. Peabody Journal of Education, 77(3), 40-59

Berger, J. B., & Milem, J. F. (2000). Organizational behavior in higher education and student outcomes. Higher Education-New York-Agathon Press Incorporated, 15, 268-338.

Bergold, S., & Steinmayr, R. (2018). Personality and Intelligence Interact in the Prediction of Academic Achievement. Journal of Intelligence, 6(2), 27. doi:10.3390/jintelligence6020027

Cabrera, L., Tomás, J., Álvarez, P. y Gonzalez, M. (2006). El problema del abandono de los estudios univer-sitarios. RELIEVE, v. 12, n. 2, p. 171-203 http://www.uv.es/RELIEVE/v12n2/RELIEVEv12n2_1eng.htm

Cambridge English Dictionary. (n.d.). Citation. In Dictionary.Cambridge.org Dictionary. Retrieved July 20, 2020, from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/dropout

Casanova, J. R., Cervero, A., Núñez, J. C., Almeida, L. S., & Bernardo, A. (2018). Factors that determine the persistence and dropout of university students. Psicothema, 30(4), 408–414.

Chen, R. (2008). Financial Aid and Student Dropout in Higher Education: A Heterogeneous Research Approach. Handbook of Theory and Research Higher Education, 209-239. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-6959-8_7

Christenson, S. L., Reschly, A. L., & Wylie, C. (2012). Handbook of research on student engagement. New York: Springer.

Consortium for Research on Educational Access, Transitions and Equity (CREATE). (2010). Typologies of Dropout in Southern Ghana Policy Brief 1 (Issue brief No. 10).

Cook, L. (2010). Toward a grounded theory of nursing student attrition. Dissertation abstracts international. Colorado State University.

Deary, I. J., Watson, R., & Hogston, R. (2003). A longitudinal cohort study of burnout and attrition in nursing students. Journal of advanced nursing, 43(1), 71-81.

Dee, T. S., & Jacob, B. A. (2006). Do high school exit exams influence educational attainment or labor market performance? (No. w12199). National Bureau of Economic Research.

Devi, S.P. (2020). Cultural characteristic and college dropout. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 8(1), 195-202. DIP:18.01.022/20200801, DOI:10.25215/0801.022

Diem, A., & Wolter, S. C. (2019). A place too crowded to study: The impact of student cohort growth on the probability of university dropout. Hungarian Educational Research Journal9(2), 189-212.

Dodge, T. M., Mitchell, M. F., & Mensch, J. M. (2009). Student retention in athletic training education programs. Journal of athletic training, 44(2), 197.

Dovigo F, Casanova L, editors. Good practices for equity and inclusion in higher education. Bergamo: University of Bergamo; 2017. Available from: https://ddd.uab.cat/pub/llibres/2017/171121/A4A_BergConf_a2017.pdf

European Commission. (2015). Dropout and Completion in Higher Education in Europe. Report to the European Commission. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Ewell P.T. (2010) The US National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE). In: Dill D., Beerkens M. (eds) Public Policy for Academic Quality. Higher Education Dynamics, 30. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-3754-1_5

Finkel, L., & Barañano, M. (2014). La dedicación al estudio y al trabajo de los estudiantes universitarios en España [Dedication to study and work in Spanish university students]. Revista de la Asociación de Sociología de la Educación, 7, 82-103.

Gairín, J., Triado, X. M., Feixas, M., Figuera, P., Aparicio-Chueca, P. & Torrado, M. (2014) Student dropout rates in Catalan universities: profile and motives for disengagement. Quality in Higher Education, 20(2), 165-182, DOI:10.1080/13538322.2014.925230

Gardenswartz, L., & Rowe, A. (2008). Diverse teams at work: capitalizing on the power of diversity. Alexandria, VA: Society for Human Resource Management.

Gentry, R. (2014). Sustaining college students’ persistence and achievement through exemplary instructional strategies. Research in Higher Education Journal, 24, 1-14.

Glossop, C. (2001). Student nurse attrition from pre-registration courses: investigating methodological issues. Nurse Education Today, 21(3), 170-180.

GLSEN. (2016). Educational exclusion: Drop out, push out, and school-to-prison pipeline among LGBTQ youth. New York: GLSEN.

Harden-Moore, T. (2019, August 16). Academic Bullying: Higher Education's Dirty Little Secret. Retrieved from https://diverseeducation.com/article/152566/

Hasbun, T., Araya, A., & Villalon, J. (2016). Extracurricular Activities as Dropout Prediction Factors in Higher Education Using Decision Trees. 2016 IEEE 16th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT). doi:10.1109/icalt.2016.66      

Hazrati-Viari, A., Rad, A. T., & Torabi, S. S. (2012). The effect of personality traits on academic performance: The mediating role of academic motivation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 32, 367-371. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.055’

Heublein, U. (2014). Student Drop‐out from German Higher Education Institutions. European Journal of Education49(4), 497-513.

Jones, M. V., "College Freshmen Living Arrangement as a Predictor of Retention and Persistence to Graduation" (2013). OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers. 8. https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/ots_masters_projects/8

Kehm, B. M., Larsen, M. R., & Sommersel, H. B. (2019). Student dropout from universities in Europe: A review of empirical literature. Hungarian Educational Research Journal9(2), 147-164.

Khan, S. (2017, July 27). Analysis of Social, Psychological and Other Factors on College Dropout Rates among African American Students. Retrieved December 10, 2020, from https://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=78525

Larsen, M. R., Sommersel, H. B., & Larsen, M. S. (2013). Evidence on Dropout Phenomena at Universities. Danish Clearinghouse for Educational Research.

Lauder, H., & Mayhew, K. (2020). Higher education and the labour market: An introduction, Oxford Review of Education, 46:1, 1-9, DOI: 10.1080/03054985.2019.1699714

Lavrentsova, E. (2019). The effects of student-teacher and student-student relationship on school engagement: An empirical research in Bulgaria. Педагогика91(3), 320-331.

Maman, D., & Rosenhek, Z. (2020). Facing future uncertainties and risks through personal finance: conventions in financial education. Journal of cultural economy13(3), 303-317.

Martin, A. (2002). Motivation and academic resilience: Developing a model for student enhancement. Australian journal of education46(1), 34-49.

Naaman, H. (2018, September). From Exclusion to Inclusion: Dropout and Retention Solutions - Diversity Management in Higher Education Institutions. Poster presented at the Emerging Researchers Conference of the European Educational Research Association, Bolzano, Italy.

Nareeba, P. (2019). An Investigation into Social Networks and Their Influence on Social Integration in Selected Public Universities in Uganda. (Doctoral dissertation, KISII UNIVERSITY).

Páramo, F. M. F., Araújo, A., Vacas, C. T., Almeida, L. S., & González, M. S. (2017). Predictors of students’ adjustment during transition to university in Spain. Psicothema, 29(1), 67-72. doi:10.7334/psicothema2016.40

Porto, A. M. D. S., & Soares, A. B. (2017). Differences between expectations and academic adaptation of university students in various areas of knowledge. Análise Psicológica, 35(1), 13-24.

Quadri, M., & Kalyankar, D. (2010). Drop Out Feature of Student Data for Academic Performance Using Decision Tree Techniques. Global Journal Of Computer Science And Technology. Retrieved from https://computerresearch.org/index.php/computer/article/view/891

Reschly A.L. (2020) Dropout Prevention and Student Engagement. In: Reschly A., Pohl A., Christenson S. (eds) Student Engagement. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37285-9_2

Rodríguez-Gómez, D., Feixas, M., Gairín, J., & Muñoz, J. L. (2012). Understanding Catalan University dropout from a comparative approach. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences46, 1424-1429.

Rodríguez-Gómez, D., Feixas, M., Gairín, J., & Muñoz, J. L. (2015) Understanding Catalan university dropout from a cross-national approach. Studies in Higher Education, 40(4), 690-703, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2013.842966

Rodríguez-Gómez, D., Meneses J., Gairín J., Feixas M., & Muñoz-Moreno J. L. (2016).  They have gone, and now what? Understanding re-enrolment patterns in the Catalan public higher education system. Higher Education Research & Development. 35(4), 815-828.

Romero, D. H., Riggs, S. A., & Ruggero, C. (2015). Coping, family social support, and psychological symptoms among student veterans. J. Couns. Psychol. 62, 242–252. doi: 10.1037/cou0000061

Ortiz, E. A., & Dehon, C. (2013). Roads to success in the Belgian French community’s higher education system: Predictors of dropout and degree completion at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. Research in Higher Education, 54(6), 693-723. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-013-9290-y

Sallán, J. G., Y Avila, G. P., & Villegas, A. B. (2014). University and vulnerable groups: reflections and experiences. México D.F.: Ediciones del Lirio

Schultz, J. (2020). Understanding the Attitudes, Skills, and Behaviors Community College Students Want Their Academic Counselors and Advisors to Exhibit (Doctoral dissertation, University of La Verne).

Smith, S. E. (2014, July 4). Why Are Huge Numbers of Disabled Students Dropping Out of College? Retrieved from https://www.alternet.org/2014/06/why-are-huge-numbers-disabled-students-dropping-out-college/

Sosu, E. M. & Pheunpha, P. (2019). Trajectory of University Dropout: Investigating the Cumulative Effect of Academic Vulnerability and Proximity to Family Support. Front. Educ. 4(6). doi: 10.3389/feduc.2019.00006

Suhre, C. J., Jansen, E. P., & Harskamp, E. G. (2007). Impact of degree program satisfaction on the persistence of college students. Higher Education54(2), 207-226.

Tinto, V. (1975). Dropout from Higher Education: A Theoretical Synthesis of Recent Research. Review of Educational Research, 45(1), 89-125. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1170024

Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving College: Rethinking the Causes and Cures of Student Attrition. Second Edition. University of Chicago Press.

Vries, W. D., León Arenas, P., Romero Muñoz, J. F., & Hernández Saldaña, I. (2011). Deserters or disappointed? Different reasons to drop out of college. Revista de la Educación Superior4 (160), 29-50.

Winkle-Wagner, R., & Locks, A. M. (2020). Diversity and inclusion on campus: supporting students of color in higher education. New York: Routledge.

Zajacova, A., Lynch, S. M., & Espenshade, T. J. (2005). Self-Efficacy, Stress, and Academic Success in College. Research in Higher Education,46(6), 677-706. doi:10.1007/s11162-004-4139-z